Is geothermal Energy an Alternative for Svalbard?
Svalbard (Spitsbergen) is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean situated north of mainland Europe. The 61 000 km2 large Artic archipelago is an international territory regulated by the Svalbard Treaty of 1920. All energy and heat production on Svalbard is based on fossil fuels in the form of locally mined coal or imported diesel.
Geothermal energy may be an alternative for the settlements on Svalbard. If geothermal energy is to completely replace fossil fuels it must be compatible with both power and heat production.